Grape {51111261}

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Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1] [#Lachnospiraceae
    - 4 weeks of grape powder consumption > significantly increased the alpha diversity index of the gut microbiome > increasing #Verrucomicrobia at the phylum level, and a significant increase in #Akkermansia and increase in #Flavonifractor and Lachnospiraceae_UCG-010 > decrease in #Bifidobacterium and #Dialister at the genus level.
  • [#Bile Acids] - Grape powder consumption > decreased the total #Cholesterol by 6.1% and HDL #Cholesterol by 7.6%. - There was also a trend of decreasing LDL #Cholesterol by 5.9%, and decreasing total bile acid by 40.9%.
  • - Grapes provide a rich source of #Polyphenols and fibers
  • [1.2] [#Sunburn
    - grape consumption modulated microbiota abundance, enzyme levels, and KEGG pathways. - three urinary metabolites, 2′-deoxyribonic acid, 3-hydroxyphenyl acetic and scyllo-inositol, were depressed in the UV-resistant group.
  • [1.3] [#Grape seed
    - #Catechins and #Epicatechins are major constituents of grape seed extracts and the production of their bioactive metabolites is dependent on the presence of the microbiota
  • - Apigenin and diosmetin, both grape-derived #Polyphenols, potently and dose-dependently inhibited AGE-induced #Nitric Oxide and TNFα release
  • [#Polyphenols] - Dietary Polyphenol Preparation (BDPP) containing GSPE, concord grape juice and #Resveratrol was shown to attenuate #Sleep Deprivation-induced contextual memory deficits.
  • [1.4
    - Following 2 weeks of grape consumption, taxonomic abundance was altered (e.g., decreased #Holdemania spp. and increased #Streptococcus thermophiles), as were various enzyme levels and KEGG pathways. - 2′-deoxyribonic acid, glutaconic acid, and 3-hydroxyphenylacetic acid were elevated following grape consumption and returned to baseline following the washout period.
  • [1.5] [#Phenolic acids
    - #malvidin-3-O-glucoside (MG), a natural anthocyanin present in high proportions in grapes, has been reported to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects, - MG is an anti-pyroptotic phenolic metabolite that targets NLRP3, NLRC4, and AIM2 inflammasomes, subsequently reducing caspase-1 and IL-1β protein levels in murine primary cortical microglia and the brain, as its beneficial effect to counteract #Anxiety and #Depression is also demonstrated.
  • [1.6
    - addition of #Tea #Polyphenols increased #Akkermansia abundance in HF mice, which is consistent with previous research indicating that TP, #Cranberry, chlorogenic acid, and grape also increase the colonization of #Akkermansia in the gut - increase in small intestinal goblet cells in TP-treated mice, which secrete mucins, a food source for #Akkermansia development. - #Polyphenols increase intestinal mucus secretion which is the food source of #Akkermansia.
  • [1.7] [#Peanut, #Soybean
    - #Resveratrol has been found in more than 70 different plant species and important dietary sources are grapes (skin and seeds), red wine, peanuts, and soy.
  • [1.8] [#Inflamatory bowel disease] [#Candida sake
    - Ca sake was most prevalent in IBD patients developing complications during follow-up. - Ca sake has a wide environmental distribution and is commonly found in human feces. - Ca sake is present in food like grape juice, sauerkraut, and frozen salmon and does not grow at 37 °C.
  • [#Inflamatory bowel disease] [#Cercospora carnescens] - a strong association between Cr carnescens abundance and the need for surgery in IBD Patient. - Ca carnescens has been classified as phylogenetic group II in the Cr laurentii complex and has been detected in wine grapes.

References Notes

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