Microbiome & Chronic Diseases

Evidence Based Medicine
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Betaine {90000164}

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- Human milk metabolite.
- Betaine is naturally present in the diet and can also be metabolized from choline.

Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1] [#Obesity] [#Human breast milk
    - Infants fed with breast milk rich in betaine showed reduced growth rates after birth. - Experiments in mice showed that giving betaine to female mice improved blood sugar metabolism and lowered fat tissue in breastfeeding offspring. - When breast-fed with milk rich in betaine, both mouse pups and human infants had higher amounts of #Akkermansia bacteria in their guts. - Low levels of maternal betaine during pregnancy are linked to increased infant weight at birth. - Maternal betaine supplementation resulted in lower fetal weight in a mouse study.
  • [1.2] [#Chronic fatigue syndrome] [#Anaerotruncus colihominis
    - Decreased betaine was associated with decreased A. colihominis.
  • [1.3
    - the ratio of two particular plant-associated metabolites to betaine, an osmoregulatory compound downstream of #Choline, was significantly higher in normal cognition than #Mild Cognitive Impairment

References Notes

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