hprt4–18 {90000322}

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Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1] [#Diabetes Type 1
    - The hprt4–18 peptide produced by bacterium #Parabacteroides distasonis mimics an important insulin epitope (insB:9-23). Human and mouse immune cells specific to insB:9-23 cross-react with this bacterial mimic. Further, P. distasonis can accelerate diabetes onset in a mouse model of T1D, inducing destructive immune cells and decreasing protective immune cells. - Seroconversion rates (i.e., the proportion of individuals developing two or more autoantibodies) were consistently higher in children whose microbiome harbored sequences capable of producing the hprt4–18 peptide compared to individuals who did not harbor it.

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