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- Foods that naturally contain significant amounts of nitrate are fruits and vegetables, which are both unequivocally associated with health benefits. It is estimated that we obtain more than 80% of nitrate from vegetables.
- Nitrate-reducing oral bacteria, including representatives of Neisseria, Rothia, Veillonella, Actinomyces, Corynebacterium, Haemophilus, and Kingella reduce nitrate to nitrite .
-nitrate prevented acidification by oral bacteria and the nitrate reduction capacity (NRC) of the oral microbiota correlated negatively with caries abundance.
- nitrate reduction prevented acidification and the resulting overgrowth of cariogenic bacteria by increasing lactate consumption and ammonia production. Additionally, nitrate increased health-associated nitrate-reducing genera, while decreasing strictly anaerobic periodontal diseases- and halitosis-associated bacteria .(1)