Microbiome & Chronic Diseases

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High-fiber diet {51111189}

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High-fiber diet
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- Foods high in fiber include artichokes, asparagus, onions, beans, and berries.

Shared Reference Notes

  • [1.1] [#Crohn’s disease, #Ulcerative Colitis
    - Long-term intake of fibers from fruit > protective against the development of CD, but not of UC
  • [1.2] [#Diabetes Type 2
    - High fiber diet > #Prevotella copri > improve glucose and insulin tolerance.
  • [#Short Chain Fatty Acid] - Fiber-rich diets > maintain a healthy, diverse microbiome > beneficial metabolites such as short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) > promote mucus and antimicrobial peptides production > maintain intestinal barrier integrity > robust immunity.
  • [1.3
    - Carbohydrate (fiber) consumption > increased #Prevotella
  • [1.4
    - Dietary fiber > competitive advantage to #Bifidobacteria
  • [1.5
    - Increased maternal dietary microbiome-accessible fiber and SCFA exposure during pregnancy > reduced incidence of #Asthma in offspring which persists into adulthood. - Reduced dietary fiber intake > reduced serum #Acetate levels in pregnant women > increased frequency of coughing/wheezing during the child’s first year of life. - During pregnancy > SCFA (such as #Acetate) > cross the placenta and affect the expression of fetal lung genes, such as NPPA, > encodes ANP (a molecule related to epithelial biology and immune regulation).
  • [1.6
    - The high-fiber diet > increased microbiome-encoded glycan-degrading carbohydrate active enzymes (CAZymes) despite stable microbial community diversity > Cytokine response score (primary outcome) unchanged,. - Three distinct immunological trajectories in high-fiber consumers corresponded > to baseline microbiota diversity.
  • [1.7
    - Higher Prevotella-to-Bacteroides ratios > human > lose significantly more weight on a high-fiber diet, particularly individuals with low salivary amylase levels
  • [1.8] [#Melanoma
    - Higher dietary fiber > improved progression-free survival in 128 patients on immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) treatment, with the most pronounced benefit observed in patients with sufficient dietary fiber intake and no probiotic use.
  • [1.9] [#Metabolic syndrome, #Obesity] [#Fecal Microbiota Transplantation
  • - Dietary fiber intake was inversely associated with risk of #Dementia. - The inverse association was more evident for soluble fiber intake and was confined to #Dementia without a history of stroke.
  • [1.11
  • [1.12] [#Allergy, #Atopic Dermatitis
    - Epidemiological evidence indicates that children suffering from allergies have lower levels of dietary fibre-derived short-chain fatty acids (SCFA). Using an experimental model of AD-like skin inflammation, - a fermentable fibre-rich diet alleviates systemic allergen sensitization and disease severity. - particularly butyrate, which strengthens skin barrier function by altering mitochondrial metabolism of epidermal keratinocytes and the production of key structural components.
  • [1.13
    - vegetables rich in #Inulin increased #Bifidobacterium levels, promoted satiety, and reduced body weight
  • - Of particular relevance to the gut microbiome are fermentable fibers, also referred to as microbiota-accessible carbohydrates (MACs) - Fiber provides growth substrates for microbes that inhibit mucus-glycan metabolism, preventing gut-mucus depletion, encroachment of bacteria into the mucus layer, and downstream inflammation andinfections. - Gut microbes are responsible for biotransformation of phytochemicals via processes such as demethylation, ring cleavage, and dehydroxylation, which can increase their bioavailability, absorption, and antioxidative and immunomodulatory effects. - Fruits and vegetables provide up to 8 g of dietary fiber per serving and contain a high diversity of fibers, including pectins, inulin, cellulose, xyloglucans, raffinose, and stachyose. - These fibers elicit both microbiome-independent (e.g., delayed macronutrient absorption) and microbiome-dependent (e.g., SCFA-mediated attenuation of insulin resistance) physiological effects
  • [1.14] [#Diabetes Type 2] [#Tryptophan] [#Cow’s milk (Dietary Casein)
    - a higher milk intake and higher fiber intake were associated with a favorable profile of circulating Trp metabolites for T2D.

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