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Schizophrenia ⇒ Severe Mental Disorders {40000115}

Record Keys


Definition:
Schizophrenia
Class:

Details


Other Terms:
SCZ
Initialisation date:
2020-09-06

Links


Meta Information


ICD:[  ]
Category:
Psychiatry
MedDra ID:
10039626
MedDra Level:
pt

Notes


- Host-genetic-driven increases in Enterobacteriaceae family and Enterobacteriales order were potentially related to a higher risk of SCZ, while Gammaproteobacteria class was related to a lower risk of SCZ
- Gut production of serotonin was potentially associated with a higher risk of SCZ.
- There is a strong relationship of lower platelet serotonin concentrations with depressive symptoms of SCZ.
- According to the principle of brain plasticity, glutamate signals are destroyed by serotonergic overdrive, leading to neuronal hypometabolism, synaptic atrophy, and gray matter loss in the end.
- Enterobacteriaceae family and Enterobacteriales order can produce SCFAs (e.g., acetic acid and formic acid) in carbohydrate fermentation, thus inducing serotonin biosynthesis by enterochromaffin cells which are the major producers of serotonin, and ultimately increasing the risk of SCZ.
- Porphyromonadaceae were associated with poor cognitive performance.
- Gut inflammation can induce activation of microglia and the kynurenine pathway, which activate systemic inflammation-inducing depressive or schizophrenic symptoms (1)

Shared Notes


  • [1.11
    - The schizophrenia-associated bacterium Streptococcus vestibularis, which contributed to the microbiota metagenomic-based discrimination of patients with schizophrenia from healthy controls, when transplanted to mice gut induced deficits in social behaviors, altering neurotransmitter levels in peripheral tissues of recipient animals.
  • [1.8
    - Schizophrenia and autism incidence has been found to be higher in the C. difficile diseased population.
    - This association was further explained by a phenylalanine derivative synthesized and released by the same bacteria in the gut that is known to regulate catecholamine levels in the brain.
  • - Altered human gut microbiome may have a significant contribution to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor hypoactivity, as observed in patients with schizophrenia.
  • - CD14 seropositivity is responsible for three times increase in the risk of having schizophrenia in comparison to control group. The same CD14 seropositivity was associated with gluten antibodies in newly diagnosed patients with schizophrenia
  • [1.12
    - Lactobacillus phiadh infects Lactobacillus gasseri.
    - At least 1 match for Lactobacillus phage phiadh was found in 17 of 41 of PWS, as compared to 1 of 33 of controls.
    - The study also found that the level of Lactobacillus phiadh > correlated with an increased rate of comorbid immunological disorders in PWS.
    - The phage Lactobacillus phiadh modulates the level of its host bacterium, Lactobacillus gasseri, which affects the host’s immune system.


[Overlap other Diseases]

DiseaseOverlapCommon increased OrganismCommon decreased Organism
Schizophrenia 1.0000 77 (1.00) : Actinomyces | Akkermansia muciniphila | Alkaliphilus oremlandii | Anaerococcus | Anaerotruncus | Bacteroidaceae | Bacteroides fragilis | Bacteroides plebeius | Bifidobacterium adolescentis | Bifidobacterium breve | Bifidobacterium dentium | Bifidobacterium longum | Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum | Bilophila | Blautia | Burkholderiaceae | Catenibacterium mitsuokai | Chaetomium | Christensenella | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium | Clostridium innocuum | Clostridium perfringens | Clostridium symbiosum | Collinsella aerofaciens | Coriobacteriaceae | Cronobacter sakazaki | Deferribacter | Dialister invisus | Dorea | Eggerthella | Eisenbergiella | Enterobacteriaceae | Enterobacteriales | Enterococcus faecium | Escherichia | Eubacterium hallii | Eubacterium siraeum | Flavonifractor | Gammaproteobacteria | Haematonectria | Halorubrum | Halothiobacillus | Holdemania | Hungatella | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus fermentum | Lactobacillus gasseri | Lactobacillus oris | Lactobacillus salivarius | Me 37 (1.00) : Actinobacillus | Agathobacter | Alcaligenaceae | Anabaena | Aspergillaceae | Bionectriaceae | Blautia producta | Butyricicoccus | Cephalotrichum | Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterobacteriaceae | Enterococcus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Eubacterium ventriosum | Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter | Fusobacterium | Gallionella | Glomerellales | Haemophilus | Hypocreaceae | Lachnospiraceae | Leuconostocaceae | Megasphaera | Microascaceae | Nitrosospira | Ophiostomataceae | Purpureocillium | Rhodocyclaceae | Rikenellaceae | Roseburia faecis | Ruminococcaceae | Ruminococcus gauvreauii | Scedosporium | Sutterella | Trichoderma
Multiple Sclerosis 0.0484 17 (0.07) : Actinomyces | Akkermansia muciniphila | Anaerotruncus | Bacteroides fragilis | Blautia | Christensenella | Clostridium | Clostridium perfringens | Coriobacteriaceae | Dorea | Eggerthella | Holdemania | Lactobacillus | Methanobrevibacter | Shigella | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus thermophiles 6 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Clostridium | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Covid-19 0.0444 4 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Bifidobacterium longum | Blautia | Veillonella 7 (0.08) : Agathobacter | Coprococcus | Eubacterium ventriosum | Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Cirrhosis 0.0432 19 (0.08) : Bacteroidaceae | Bifidobacterium dentium | Christensenella | Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus salivarius | Megasphaera | Porphyromonadaceae | Prevotellaceae | Ruminococcus gnavus | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus vestibularis | Veillonella | Veillonella atypica | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula | Veillonellaceae 5 (0.01) : Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Rikenellaceae | Roseburia faecis | Ruminococcaceae
Major depressive disorder 0.0408 7 (0.03) : Actinomyces | Bacteroidaceae | Blautia | Eggerthella | Oscillibacter | Parasutterella | Veillonella 6 (0.05) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterobacteriaceae | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Sutterella
Generalized anxiety disorder 0.0380 4 (0.02) : Enterobacteriaceae | Hungatella | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella 7 (0.06) : Agathobacter | Butyricicoccus | Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae | Sutterella
Chronic kidney disease 0.0346 12 (0.03) : Actinomyces | Anaerotruncus | Clostridium innocuum | Eggerthella | Enterobacteriaceae | Flavonifractor | Hungatella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus fermentum | Lactobacillus salivarius | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella 8 (0.03) : Alcaligenaceae | Butyricicoccus | Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterococcus | Faecalibacterium | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Clostridium difficile infection 0.0333 10 (0.04) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium | Dorea | Eggerthella | Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Shigella | Veillonella 5 (0.02) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Hypertension 0.0327 9 (0.05) : Actinomyces | Clostridium | Dorea | Eggerthella | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Parasutterella | Shigella 4 (0.02) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterococcus | Faecalibacterium
Crohn's disease 0.0319 20 (0.04) : Actinomyces | Anaerotruncus | Bacteroides fragilis | Blautia | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium | Eggerthella | Enterobacteriaceae | Enterococcus faecium | Escherichia | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus fermentum | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella | Veillonella atypica | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula 12 (0.02) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterococcus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Eubacterium ventriosum | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Megasphaera | Rikenellaceae | Roseburia faecis | Ruminococcaceae
Coronary artery disease 0.0315 8 (0.02) : Collinsella aerofaciens | Coriobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Sphingomonadaceae 7 (0.04) : Coprococcus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae | Ruminococcus gauvreauii
Allergy 0.0309 5 (0.05) : Bifidobacterium adolescentis | Blautia | Clostridium | Dorea | Ruminococcus gnavus 2 (0.02) : Coprococcus | Enterococcus
Ankylosing spondylitis 0.0305 10 (0.05) : Actinomyces | Bacteroidaceae | Bacteroides plebeius | Blautia | Dorea | Eggerthella | Megasphaera | Oscillibacter | Parasutterella | Porphyromonadaceae 3 (0.01) : Clostridium | Enterococcus | Fusobacterium
Neuromyelitis optica 0.0299 3 (0.01) : Clostridium perfringens | Flavonifractor | Shigella 5 (0.05) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter | Lachnospiraceae | Sutterella
Short Bowel Syndrome 0.0291 7 (0.03) : Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Shigella | Veillonella 6 (0.03) : Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter | Lachnospiraceae | Megasphaera | Ruminococcaceae
Irritable bowel syndrome 0.0284 14 (0.04) : Actinomyces | Blautia | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium symbiosum | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Holdemania | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Prevotellaceae | Ruminococcus gnavus | Veillonella | Veillonellaceae 7 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Autism 0.0277 17 (0.03) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Bacteroides fragilis | Bilophila | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium | Clostridium innocuum | Clostridium symbiosum | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Eubacterium siraeum | Holdemania | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Streptococcus thermophiles | Veillonellaceae 10 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Coprococcus | Enterococcus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Eubacterium ventriosum | Fusicatenibacter | Fusobacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Roseburia faecis | Ruminococcaceae
Cystic fibrosis 0.0273 12 (0.04) : Blautia | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium perfringens | Enterobacteriaceae | Enterococcus faecium | Megasphaera | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Veillonella | Veillonella atypica | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula 6 (0.01) : Alcaligenaceae | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Alzheimer's disease 0.0264 10 (0.04) : Bifidobacterium breve | Bilophila | Blautia | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Enterobacteriales | Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Shigella | Veillonellaceae 3 (0.01) : Clostridium | Lachnospiraceae | Sutterella
Chronic pancreatitis 0.0262 1 (0.00) : Shigella 4 (0.05) : Butyricicoccus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
HIV infection 0.0256 13 (0.03) : Anaerococcus | Anaerotruncus | Catenibacterium mitsuokai | Eisenbergiella | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Gammaproteobacteria | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera elsdenii | Oscillibacter | Shigella | Veillonella 8 (0.02) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Type 2 diabetes 0.0251 18 (0.04) : Actinomyces | Akkermansia muciniphila | Clostridium symbiosum | Dorea | Eggerthella | Escherichia | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus gasseri | Lactobacillus salivarius | Megasphaera | Megasphaera elsdenii | Methanobrevibacter | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Streptococcus gordonii | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella parvula 7 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Sutterella
Parkinson's Disease 0.0240 19 (0.03) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Anaerotruncus | Bifidobacterium dentium | Bifidobacterium longum | Bilophila | Blautia | Christensenella | Coriobacteriaceae | Eisenbergiella | Enterobacteriaceae | Holdemania | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus fermentum | Lactobacillus salivarius | Parasutterella | Porphyromonadaceae | Shigella | Veillonella 7 (0.01) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Leuconostocaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Autoimmune hepatitis 0.0239 3 (0.02) : Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 3 (0.02) : Coprococcus | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Primary biliary cholangitis 0.0237 5 (0.02) : Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 4 (0.03) : Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Rikenellaceae | Sutterella
Colorectal cancer 0.0234 13 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Akkermansia muciniphila | Anaerococcus | Anaerotruncus | Bacteroides fragilis | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium symbiosum | Collinsella aerofaciens | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Oscillibacter 11 (0.03) : Blautia producta | Coprococcus | Enterobacteriaceae | Eubacterium ventriosum | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Megasphaera | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae | Sutterella
Melanoma 0.0233 3 (0.02) : Bifidobacterium longum | Collinsella aerofaciens | Enterococcus faecium 1 (0.03) : Faecalibacterium
Caries 0.0224 16 (0.04) : Actinomyces | Bifidobacterium dentium | Burkholderiaceae | Dialister invisus | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus fermentum | Lactobacillus gasseri | Lactobacillus salivarius | Megasphaera | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus vestibularis | Veillonella | Veillonella atypica | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula | Veillonellaceae 4 (0.01) : Actinobacillus | Fusobacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae
Hirschsprung's disease 0.0223 2 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Escherichia 2 (0.04) : Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Ulcerative Colitis 0.0216 14 (0.03) : Actinomyces | Bacteroides fragilis | Bifidobacterium longum | Blautia | Clostridioides difficile | Clostridium | Dorea | Eggerthella | Enterobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella | Synergistetes | Veillonella 6 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Enterococcus | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Leuconostocaceae | Rikenellaceae
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease 0.0213 7 (0.02) : Anaerococcus | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Oscillibacter | Veillonella 7 (0.02) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterobacteriaceae | Erysipelotrichaceae | Faecalibacterium | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 0.0213 6 (0.02) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Anaerotruncus | Eisenbergiella | Methanobrevibacter | Oscillibacter | Porphyromonadaceae 2 (0.02) : Clostridium | Faecalibacterium
Thyroid carcinoma 0.0209 5 (0.01) : Blautia | Eubacterium hallii | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Shigella 4 (0.03) : Alcaligenaceae | Enterobacteriaceae | Rikenellaceae | Sutterella
Obesity 0.0206 16 (0.03) : Anaerococcus | Bacteroides fragilis | Bifidobacterium adolescentis | Bilophila | Blautia | Clostridium | Clostridium symbiosum | Coriobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Methanobrevibacter | Parasutterella | Prevotellaceae | Streptococcus gordonii | Succinivibrio | Veillonella parvula 6 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Megasphaera | Ruminococcaceae
Pouchitis 0.0200 4 (0.01) : Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Veillonella 3 (0.03) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Biliary atresia 0.0200 2 (0.01) : Klebsiella | Lactobacillus 3 (0.03) : Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Megasphaera
Type 1 diabetes 0.0196 9 (0.03) : Bacteroides fragilis | Bifidobacterium longum | Bifidobacterium pseudocatenulatum | Blautia | Clostridium | Clostridium perfringens | Dialister invisus | Enterobacteriaceae | Veillonella 4 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Roseburia faecis
Arsenic exposure 0.0190 1 (0.00) : Blautia 3 (0.03) : Coprococcus | Enterobacteriaceae | Rikenellaceae
Gestational diabetes + hyperlipidemia 0.0187 2 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Veillonella 1 (0.03) : Faecalibacterium
Sjögren syndrome 0.0183 7 (0.02) : Blautia | Clostridium | Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus vestibularis | Veillonella 6 (0.02) : Agathobacter | Clostridium | Enterococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Haemophilus
Preeclamsia 0.0183 8 (0.03) : Anaerococcus | Bilophila | Blautia | Clostridium | Clostridium perfringens | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Primary sclerosing cholangitis 0.0180 6 (0.02) : Clostridium | Enterococcus faecium | Lactobacillus | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula 4 (0.02) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae
Severe congenital neutropenia 0.0180 0 (0.00) 2 (0.04) : Fusobacterium | Haemophilus
Bipolar disorder 0.0178 2 (0.01) : Coriobacteriaceae | Flavonifractor 3 (0.03) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Ruminococcaceae
Hepatocellular cancer 0.0178 10 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Anaerotruncus | Bilophila | Clostridium | Dorea | Eggerthella | Holdemania | Oscillibacter | Shigella | Veillonella 3 (0.01) : Enterococcus | Haemophilus | Megasphaera
Celiac Disease 0.0177 9 (0.03) : Bifidobacterium longum | Coriobacteriaceae | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Shigella | Veillonella parvula 3 (0.01) : Enterococcus | Lachnospiraceae | Megasphaera
Cardiac valve calcification 0.0175 3 (0.02) : Bacteroides plebeius | Lactobacillus | Veillonella dispar 2 (0.02) : Erysipelotrichaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Alcoholism 0.0174 10 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Bilophila | Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Escherichia | Holdemania | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus salivarius | Veillonella 3 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Chronic urticaria 0.0173 1 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae 2 (0.02) : Faecalibacterium | Ruminococcaceae
Pancreatic Cancer 0.0167 5 (0.01) : Bacteroidaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Veillonella 5 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Megasphaera | Ruminococcaceae
Spondyloarthritis 0.0163 3 (0.01) : Bifidobacterium longum | Dorea | Ruminococcus gnavus 2 (0.02) : Enterobacteriaceae | Lachnospiraceae
Alcoholic cirrhosis 0.0162 5 (0.03) : Bifidobacterium breve | Bifidobacterium dentium | Bifidobacterium longum | Lactobacillus salivarius | Streptococcus thermophiles 0 (0.00)
Glycogen storage disease 0.0162 3 (0.02) : Lactobacillus | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium
Cholestasis 0.0157 5 (0.03) : Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Megasphaera | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Rheumatoid Arthritis 0.0155 11 (0.03) : Actinomyces | Clostridium | Clostridium perfringens | Collinsella aerofaciens | Eggerthella | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Prevotellaceae | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar | Veillonellaceae 3 (0.01) : Erysipelotrichaceae | Haemophilus | Roseburia faecis
Asthma 0.0154 10 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Eisenbergiella | Enterobacteriaceae | Flavonifractor | Gammaproteobacteria | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Oscillibacter | Sphingomonadaceae | Veillonella 4 (0.01) : Actinobacillus | Enterococcus | Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium
Infantile eczema 0.0151 5 (0.01) : Bacteroidaceae | Bilophila | Flavonifractor | Shigella | Veillonella 4 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Haemophilus | Megasphaera | Sutterella
Graves' disease 0.0151 1 (0.00) : Succinivibrio 3 (0.03) : Enterobacteriaceae | Faecalibacterium | Rikenellaceae
Atopic wheeze 0.0146 3 (0.03) : Clostridioides difficile | Ruminococcus gnavus | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Urogenital Schistosomiasis 0.0142 4 (0.01) : Coriobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Veillonella 3 (0.02) : Enterobacteriaceae | Erysipelotrichaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Myasthenia gravis 0.0140 3 (0.01) : Bilophila | Escherichia | Parasutterella 3 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Clostridium | Leuconostocaceae
Keratitis 0.0140 2 (0.01) : Bacteroides fragilis | Dorea 4 (0.02) : Clostridium | Faecalibacterium | Megasphaera | Sutterella
Transient Ischemic Attack 0.0138 5 (0.02) : Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Oscillibacter | Porphyromonadaceae | Synergistetes 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Behcet's Disease 0.0136 6 (0.02) : Bifidobacterium dentium | Bilophila | Collinsella aerofaciens | Eggerthella | Lactobacillus salivarius | Oscillibacter 3 (0.01) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Lachnospiraceae
Anorexia nervosa 0.0136 3 (0.02) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Coriobacteriaceae | Enterobacteriaceae 1 (0.00) : Clostridium
Primary sclerosing cholangitis-IBD 0.0136 8 (0.03) : Clostridium | Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus salivarius | Megasphaera | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar | Veillonella parvula 1 (0.00) : Sutterella
Liver fibrosis 0.0135 0 (0.00) 2 (0.03) : Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Idiopathic REM Sleep Behavior Disorder 0.0134 3 (0.02) : Anaerotruncus | Eggerthella | Flavonifractor 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera
Spinal cord injury 0.0130 4 (0.02) : Blautia | Prevotellaceae | Shigella | Veillonellaceae 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Diabetic nephropathy 0.0130 2 (0.03) : Coriobacteriaceae | Shigella 0 (0.00)
Macular degeneration 0.0129 5 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Anaerococcus | Anaerotruncus | Oscillibacter | Veillonella 1 (0.01) : Fusobacterium
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis 0.0128 2 (0.00) : Blautia | Veillonella 2 (0.02) : Coprococcus | Sutterella
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 0.0127 1 (0.00) : Veillonella parvula 3 (0.02) : Alcaligenaceae | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Oral cancer 0.0123 8 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Streptococcus gordonii | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella | Veillonella parvula 2 (0.00) : Actinobacillus | Haemophilus
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome 0.0123 1 (0.01) : Shigella 2 (0.02) : Faecalibacterium | Sutterella
Tetratricopeptide repeat domain 7A deficiency 0.0120 2 (0.01) : Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae 1 (0.01) : Ruminococcaceae
Depression 0.0117 3 (0.02) : Gammaproteobacteria | Lactobacillus | Prevotellaceae 1 (0.01) : Coprococcus
Inflamatory bowel disease 0.0115 4 (0.01) : Bacteroides fragilis | Enterobacteriaceae | Gammaproteobacteria | Ruminococcus gnavus 4 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Rikenellaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Systemic lupus erythematosus 0.0114 9 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Eggerthella | Flavonifractor | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Ruminococcus gnavus | Veillonella dispar | Veillonellaceae 1 (0.00) : Clostridium
Gestational diabetes 0.0112 5 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Eisenbergiella | Klebsiella | Shigella | Veillonella 3 (0.01) : Megasphaera | Rhodocyclaceae | Ruminococcaceae
Graves' orbitopathy 0.0111 0 (0.00) 3 (0.02) : Butyricicoccus | Eubacterium ventriosum | Fusicatenibacter
Non alcoholic steatohepatitis 0.0108 4 (0.01) : Blautia | Dorea | Escherichia | Lactobacillus 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Ruminococcaceae
Ischemic stroke 0.0105 2 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Porphyromonadaceae 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Psoriasis 0.0099 6 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Blautia | Collinsella aerofaciens | Dorea | Megasphaera | Ruminococcus gnavus 5 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae | Sutterella
Aphthous ulcer 0.0099 3 (0.01) : Lactobacillus | Shigella | Streptococcus salivarius 2 (0.01) : Haemophilus | Megasphaera
Dry eye syndrom 0.0098 3 (0.01) : Coriobacteriaceae | Megasphaera | Veillonella 1 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium
Common Variable Immunodeficieny 0.0097 3 (0.02) : Anaerotruncus | Eggerthella | Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Systemic sclerosis 0.0096 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus 2 (0.02) : Clostridium | Faecalibacterium
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome 0.0096 3 (0.01) : Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Osteoporosis 0.0094 4 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Blautia | Eggerthella | Lactobacillus 0 (0.00)
Sickle cell disease 0.0092 1 (0.01) : Escherichia 1 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium
Prediabetes 0.0089 1 (0.00) : Dorea 1 (0.01) : Clostridium
Frailty 0.0089 1 (0.00) : Dorea 1 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae
Hepatitis B 0.0087 5 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Clostridium | Enterobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera
Collagenous colitis 0.0084 1 (0.00) : Methanobrevibacter 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Ruminococcaceae
Alcoholic Hepatitis 0.0083 6 (0.02) : Actinomyces | Anaerococcus | Dorea | Enterobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Hepatic encephalopathy 0.0082 3 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Megasphaera | Veillonella 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Hashimoto's thyroiditis 0.0080 3 (0.01) : Blautia | Dorea | Eubacterium hallii 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Sicca syndrome 0.0078 5 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Coriobacteriaceae | Megasphaera | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus vestibularis 1 (0.00) : Rhodocyclaceae
H7N9 0.0076 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera 1 (0.01) : Haemophilus
Colon polyps 0.0076 3 (0.01) : Bacteroides fragilis | Bifidobacterium longum | Ruminococcus gnavus 1 (0.01) : Fusobacterium
Kidney stone 0.0075 4 (0.01) : Bacteroides fragilis | Bacteroides plebeius | Shigella | Veillonella parvula 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter
Chronic alcoholic pancreatitis 0.0073 1 (0.00) : Clostridium 3 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Fusobacterium | Sutterella
Lung cancer 0.0073 2 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae | Ruminococcus gnavus 3 (0.01) : Clostridium | Erysipelotrichaceae | Roseburia faecis
Atrophic gastritis 0.0071 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Influenza A 0.0071 2 (0.00) : Actinomyces | Lactobacillus 2 (0.01) : Fusobacterium | Haemophilus
Hepatitis C 0.0069 4 (0.01) : Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Lactobacillus salivarius | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Polycystic ovary syndrome 0.0068 2 (0.01) : Bacteroides plebeius | Lactobacillus 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Ruminococcaceae
Fibromyalgia 0.0068 2 (0.00) : Coriobacteriaceae | Dorea 2 (0.01) : Clostridium | Lachnospiraceae
Bronchiectasis 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Haemophilus
Diarrhea 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Enterococcus
Idiopathic focal epilepsy 0.0068 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium
Neuro-Behcet's disease 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Megasphaera
Cystic fibrosis exacerbation 0.0068 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Haemophilus | Scedosporium
Traumatic Brain Injury 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Sutterella
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis 0.0067 3 (0.01) : Dorea | Klebsiella | Veillonellaceae 1 (0.00) : Enterococcus
Colon adenomas 0.0066 3 (0.01) : Dorea | Shigella | Veillonella 2 (0.01) : Butyricicoccus | Coprococcus
Aphthous stomatitis 0.0066 1 (0.01) : Porphyromonadaceae 1 (0.01) : Clostridium
Heart failure 0.0065 2 (0.01) : Lactobacillus | Veillonella 2 (0.01) : Butyricicoccus | Clostridium
Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma 0.0065 2 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Prevotellaceae 0 (0.00)
Multiple system atrophy 0.0065 3 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Bacteroides fragilis | Lactobacillus 1 (0.00) : Haemophilus
Primary liver cancer 0.0065 3 (0.01) : Porphyromonadaceae | Ruminococcus gnavus | Shigella 0 (0.00)
Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma 0.0065 2 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Lactobacillus 0 (0.00)
Pressure ulcers 0.0065 4 (0.01) : Anaerotruncus | Christensenella | Dorea | Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Posttreatment Lyme disease syndrome 0.0065 1 (0.01) : Blautia 0 (0.00)
Aggressive periodontitis 0.0064 1 (0.00) : Veillonella 5 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Faecalibacterium | Haemophilus | Lachnospiraceae | Rikenellaceae
Pervasive developmental disorder NOS 0.0062 3 (0.01) : Bacteroides fragilis | Dorea | Streptococcus thermophiles 2 (0.00) : Fusobacterium | Roseburia faecis
Aerobic vaginitis 0.0061 7 (0.01) : Bifidobacterium dentium | Bifidobacterium longum | Escherichia | Lactobacillus fermentum | Megasphaera elsdenii | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar 0 (0.00)
Necrotizing enterocolitis 0.0060 2 (0.01) : Clostridium perfringens | Gammaproteobacteria 1 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae
Oral potentially malignant disorder 0.0060 5 (0.01) : Streptococcus gordonii | Streptococcus salivarius | Streptococcus thermophiles | Streptococcus vestibularis | Veillonella parvula 0 (0.00)
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia 0.0060 1 (0.00) : Bacteroides fragilis 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Fusicatenibacter
Atherosclerosis 0.0058 4 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus salivarius | Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Bacterial vaginosis 0.0058 7 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Anaerococcus | Coriobacteriaceae | Eggerthella | Enterococcus faecium | Megasphaera | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Chagas' disease 0.0058 3 (0.01) : Blautia | Lactobacillus | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Head/Neck cancer 0.0054 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Fusobacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Smoking 0.0054 6 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Coriobacteriaceae | Lactobacillus | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar 1 (0.00) : Haemophilus
Stevens-Johnson syndrome 0.0054 4 (0.01) : Blautia | Lactobacillus | Methanobrevibacter | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Clostridium
Esophageal cancer 0.0052 2 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome 0.0052 2 (0.01) : Lactobacillus | Streptococcus vestibularis 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Pancreatitis 0.0052 2 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae | Shigella 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae
Idiopathic infertility 0.0052 2 (0.01) : Lactobacillus gasseri | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Metabolic syndrome 0.0052 2 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Collinsella aerofaciens 0 (0.00)
Pancreatic head cancer 0.0050 2 (0.00) : Actinomyces | Coriobacteriaceae 1 (0.01) : Haemophilus
Primary biliary cirrhosis 0.0049 3 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Gastric carcinoma 0.0049 5 (0.01) : Clostridium | Klebsiella | Lactobacillus | Shigella | Veillonella 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Anovulation 0.0049 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae | Rikenellaceae
Interstitial cystitis 0.0047 0 (0.00) 3 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Faecalibacterium | Megasphaera
COPD Exacerbation 0.0045 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Human end-stage renal disease 0.0045 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Clostridium | Megasphaera
Rett Syndrome 0.0044 1 (0.00) : Blautia 1 (0.00) : Faecalibacterium
Prostate cancer 0.0043 2 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Escherichia 0 (0.00)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease 0.0043 5 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Clostridium symbiosum | Lactobacillus | Veillonella | Veillonella dispar 2 (0.00) : Actinobacillus | Clostridium
Hidradenitis suppurativa 0.0043 2 (0.01) : Porphyromonadaceae | Prevotellaceae 0 (0.00)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension 0.0043 2 (0.01) : Collinsella aerofaciens | Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Overactive bladder 0.0042 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Enterococcus | Fusobacterium
Invasive pneumococcal disease 0.0042 3 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Megasphaera | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Idiopathic central precocious puberty 0.0042 3 (0.01) : Bacteroides plebeius | Holdemania | Oscillibacter 0 (0.00)
Pulmonary tubercolosis 0.0041 4 (0.01) : Escherichia | Lactobacillus | Streptococcus vestibularis | Veillonella dispar 1 (0.00) : Coprococcus
Microscopic colitis 0.0040 1 (0.00) : Veillonella parvula 2 (0.01) : Clostridium | Coprococcus
Atopic Dermatitis 0.0038 2 (0.00) : Clostridioides difficile | Lactobacillus 3 (0.01) : Clostridium | Coprococcus | Enterococcus
Functional dyspepsia 0.0037 2 (0.01) : Bifidobacterium longum | Shigella 0 (0.00)
Vaginal Chlamydiosis 0.0035 4 (0.01) : Anaerococcus | Lactobacillus | Megasphaera | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Reactive arthritis 0.0034 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Coprococcus
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young 2 0.0034 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium
Primary immune thrombocytopenia 0.0034 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Sutterella
Fibrosis 0.0034 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Coprococcus
Botulism 0.0032 1 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Azoospermia 0.0032 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Gallionella
Budd-Chiari syndrome 0.0032 1 (0.01) : Megasphaera 0 (0.00)
Urolithiasis 0.0032 1 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Fatigue 0.0032 1 (0.01) : Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Helicobacter pylori infection 0.0031 3 (0.00) : Coriobacteriaceae | Ochrobactrum | Succinivibrio 1 (0.00) : Fusobacterium
Chronic Rhinosinusitis 0.0030 1 (0.00) : Escherichia 2 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Pregnancy 0.0030 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus gasseri 2 (0.01) : Megasphaera | Ruminococcaceae
Diaper dermatitis 0.0029 2 (0.01) : Collinsella aerofaciens | Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Acne 0.0028 2 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae | Klebsiella 2 (0.00) : Butyricicoccus | Fusicatenibacter
Postmenopausal 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium
Pemphigus vulgaris 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Enterobacteriaceae
Vogt-Koyagani-Harada disease 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Clostridium
Acute fatty liver 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Fusicatenibacter
Excessive vomiting 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Fusicatenibacter
Hemodialysis with Normal Weight Obesity 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Coprococcus
Psychogenic erectile dysfunction 0.0027 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Lachnospiraceae
Chronic fatigue syndrome 0.0026 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae 1 (0.00) : Ruminococcaceae
Clonorchis sinensis infection 0.0026 2 (0.01) : Dorea | Synergistetes 0 (0.00)
Endometriosis 0.0026 2 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae | Shigella 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera
Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome 0.0025 1 (0.00) : Veillonella 2 (0.00) : Fusicatenibacter | Ruminococcaceae
Kawasaki disease 0.0024 2 (0.00) : Blautia | Clostridium 0 (0.00)
Hepatitis B associated liver failure 0.0023 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae
Bleeding gum 0.0023 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Haemophilus
Anxiety 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Bifidobacterium longum 0 (0.00)
Cervicitis 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Eggerthella 0 (0.00)
Vulvar vestibulitis syndrome 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus gasseri 0 (0.00)
Diverticular disease 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Seminal hyperviscosity 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Klebsiella 0 (0.00)
Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Klebsiella 0 (0.00)
Allergic asthma 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Bifidobacterium adolescentis 0 (0.00)
Cervical intraneoplasia 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus 0 (0.00)
Genitourinary lichen sclerosus 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus 0 (0.00)
Constipation 0.0020 1 (0.00) : Blautia 1 (0.00) : Fusicatenibacter
Bladder cancer 0.0018 2 (0.00) : Anaerococcus | Shigella 1 (0.00) : Ruminococcaceae
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 1 0.0018 0 (0.00) 2 (0.00) : Lachnospiraceae | Ruminococcaceae
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma 0.0018 1 (0.00) : Clostridium 1 (0.00) : Clostridium
Edentulism 0.0017 3 (0.00) : Megasphaera | Streptococcus salivarius | Veillonella dispar 0 (0.00)
Migraine 0.0016 2 (0.00) : Clostridium symbiosum | Ruminococcus gnavus 0 (0.00)
Cervical cancer 0.0016 2 (0.00) : Dorea | Succinivibrio 0 (0.00)
Hand, foot and mouth disease 0.0016 1 (0.00) : Escherichia 0 (0.00)
Tongue cancer 0.0016 1 (0.00) : Actinomyces 1 (0.00) : Fusobacterium
Pediculosis 0.0016 1 (0.00) : Chaetomium 0 (0.00)
Hypopharyngeal cancer 0.0016 1 (0.00) : Veillonella parvula 0 (0.00)
Coronary Heart Disease 0.0015 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera
T2D with hypertension 0.0015 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Megasphaera
Pneumonia 0.0013 1 (0.00) : Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Cirrhosis with pneumonia 0.0013 1 (0.00) : Actinomyces 0 (0.00)
Iron-deficiency anaemia 0.0013 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus 0 (0.00)
Spleen deficiency syndrome 0.0013 1 (0.00) : Bacteroides plebeius 0 (0.00)
Chronic stress 0.0013 1 (0.00) : Methanobrevibacter 0 (0.00)
Otitis Media 0.0012 2 (0.00) : Klebsiella | Veillonella 0 (0.00)
Kidney stone with hypertension 0.0012 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus 1 (0.00) : Butyricicoccus
Obesity (Diet induced) 0.0011 1 (0.00) : Lactobacillus gasseri 0 (0.00)
Down syndrome 0.0011 1 (0.00) : Streptococcus gordonii 0 (0.00)

[Overlap Factors (Causality ?)]

FactorOverlapCommon increased OrganismCommon decreased Organism
Probiotic (Bifidobacter and Lactobacilus) 0.0135 0 (0.00) 1 (0.03) : Enterobacteriaceae
Sugar intake 0.0130 2 (0.03) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Bacteroides fragilis 0 (0.00)
Exposure to Glyphosate 0.0077 2 (0.01) : Actinomyces | Veillonella 1 (0.01) : Butyricicoccus
Aging 0.0068 0 (0.00) 1 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium
Oral administration of Abiraterone acetate 0.0065 1 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila 0 (0.00)
High Water drinking 0.0065 1 (0.01) : Dorea 0 (0.00)
Protein powder consumption 0.0060 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Coprococcus | Lachnospiraceae
Oral administration of Metformin 0.0048 2 (0.01) : Akkermansia muciniphila | Megasphaera 1 (0.00) : Sutterella
Heat Stress 0.0032 1 (0.01) : Clostridium 0 (0.00)
Antibiotic Therapy 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
Cannabis smoking 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Actinomyces 0 (0.00)
High-fat diet 0.0017 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Ruminococcaceae
Grape powder consumption 0.0016 1 (0.00) : Flavonifractor 0 (0.00)

[Reverse Overlap Factors (Curability ?)]

FactorOverlapIncrease decreased Org/DisDecrease increased Org/Dis
Curcumin Supplementation 0.0270 0 (0.00) 2 (0.05) : Escherichia | Shigella
Oral administration of Metformin 0.0203 2 (0.01) : Megasphaera | Ruminococcaceae 3 (0.03) : Coriobacteriaceae | Dorea | Lactobacillus
Probiotic (Bifidobacter and Lactobacilus) 0.0135 0 (0.00) 1 (0.03) : Enterobacteriaceae
Sugar intake 0.0135 0 (0.00) 1 (0.03) : Lactobacillus
High salt diet 0.0135 0 (0.00) 1 (0.03) : Lactobacillus
Heat Stress 0.0100 1 (0.01) : Clostridium 1 (0.01) : Lactobacillus
Mediterranean diet 0.0067 1 (0.00) : Lachnospiraceae 1 (0.01) : Ruminococcus gnavus
High Socio-economic status 0.0065 2 (0.01) : Faecalibacterium | Lachnospiraceae 0 (0.00)
Protein powder consumption 0.0060 0 (0.00) 2 (0.01) : Bifidobacterium longum | Blautia
Exposure to Glyphosate 0.0045 1 (0.00) : Fusobacterium 1 (0.01) : Lactobacillus
Antibiotic Therapy 0.0022 1 (0.00) : Enterobacteriaceae 0 (0.00)
High-fat diet 0.0017 0 (0.00) 1 (0.00) : Bacteroidaceae

Common References